So, how did the cat kind get smaller and domesticated as a Sylvester, Felis sylvestris lybica?
Some interesting studies in genetics were conducted, as well as studying history, archaeology, animal behavior and so forth. Unfortunately, good research was hijacked again by evolutionary agendas. Since cats are primarily carnivorous these days, the speculation (bad even from an evolutionary viewpoint) is that all carnivores, no matter how different they are, evolved from a common ancestor. These people insist on seeing "evolution", even when there is no reason to expect it.
Feral felines and domestic cats are all capable carnivores. Scientists have now identified some of the genes that equip them to be great predators as well as genes that make domestic varieties content to share your affection and your home with your dog. (Perhaps I need to share this study with my dog, who is less than pleased with the arrangement.)Don't have a hissy fit, you can finish reading the article by clicking on "How Domestic Cats Differ from Wildcats and Other Carnivores".
Geneticist Michael Montague and colleagues compared the genomes of domestic cats to wildcats. They examined the genomes of 22 different domestic cats from around the world and 4 wildcats (2 European wildcats and 2 Eastern wildcats). They also compared these cat genomes to the genomes of tigers, dogs, cows, and humans.
Since all of these are mammals designed to live in the same world, it is not surprising that they have many genes in common. The authors focused their attention on 467 genes that the carnivores in their sample shared and examined how much they varied. Though this study did not assess the functional significance of specific genetic differences, the assumption was that greater genetic similarity was evidence that those genes likely provided some sort of advantage that had been positively selected to persist in that population. They found that 331 of the 467 carnivore-associated genes were very similar among all of the cat genomes surveyed. And 281 of these genes were particularly similar among all the domestic cats, highlighting the genetic variations likely responsible for many of the unique qualities—physiologic, anatomic, behavioral—of the domestic cat. In other words, they think they found the genetic underpinning that makes the sweet kitty you’d give your child as a more suitable pet than a wildcat.