Welcome to the home of The Question Evolution Project. Presenting information demonstrating that there is no truth in minerals-to-man evolution, and presenting evidence for special creation. —Established by Cowboy Bob Sorensen

Friday, January 10, 2020

Microbes, Methane, and the Young Earth

If your wagon train ends up near Siljan, Sweden, that you made a heap of wrong turns. But you might want to check out that lake. It's part of the Siljan Ring, which is part of a crater area. Scientists found microbes feasting on the oil and giving off methane.

Researchers investigating the Siljan impact area found microbes eating oil and releasing methane. Results fit with what creationists have said for a long time about the age of the earth.
Credits: Wikimedia Commons / Vesta / NASA
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Avoid telling climate change cultists though, they would probably try to regulate and tax microbes and get Greta (who seeks to give her life meaning in activism, which will ultimately fail) to yell at us some more. While research and new discoveries are often interesting in and of themselves, in other ways they are not all that exciting. In this case, microbial communities have been discovered at far deeper levels than those near Siljan. In addition, this find also supports creation science evidence for a young earth.
Scientists have reported the presence of methane-producing microbes living deep beneath the Siljan impact crater in Sweden. Although the researchers stopped short of claiming the impact somehow brought the microbes to Earth, they do assert that impacts can create favorable habitats for colonization.
The 30-mile wide Siljan impact site is ringed by Ordovician and Silurian sediments, including black shales that appear to be source rocks for oil. In fact, oil seeps have been known around the crater for hundreds of years, dating back to reports by the great Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus in 1734.
To finish reading, click on "Microbes at Siljan Crater Are No Surprise". 

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Thursday, January 9, 2020

Designed to Walk Upright

Consider the apes. They are more comfortable walking on all fours (quadrupedal) while humans are more comfortable walking on two legs (bipedal). When people with deformities or mental aberrations that walk on all fours, it is off-putting for us because it is clearly unnatural.

Evolutionists cannot present a convincing account of how humans went from walking on all fours to walking on two legs. Recent fossils do not help.
Credit: Freeimages / skarlyt
Proponents of universal common ancestor evolution insist that we originally walked on all fours and then evolved so that we are upright. There are many changes that would need to be made, but there is a prairie schooner-full of speculations, but not much in the way of actual evidence.

Evolutionists think they may have something that could be an example of a bipedal ape. Despite the hysterical shrieking of the secular science industry press that the bones illustrate evolution, that's not quite the case. Actual evidence is still missing, and some scientists are not convinced that the finds are significant. In fact, they may be a mix of human and orangutan bones, since they were scattered. Humans and apes walk differently because each was created separately by God, and Darwin was not consulted.
The evolution from quadrupedal to bipedal walking requires many major anatomical changes. Some of the many morphological alterations to the human skeleton that are required include major changes to both the arrangement and size of the bones of the foot, changes in the hip size and shape, the knee size, the leg length, and both the shape and orientation of the vertebral column. Even the ribcage must be altered. Specifically, the Chimpanzee ribcage is cone-shaped to house the gut and yet provide a great range of motion around the shoulder to allow them to walk on all fours. In contrast, the human ribcage is barrel-shaped, allowing arms to swing freely from side to side which is required to effortlessly maintain balance when walking. A few other alterations required to walk upright include the following:
You can read the entire article by clicking on "Bipedal Ape Fossil Falls on Its Face".

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Wednesday, January 8, 2020

Forensic Science has Limitations

The two types of science used in discussions of origins are forensic and operational, the latter being used to describe science that is testable, repeatable, observable, and so on in the present. Forensic science attempts to explain the past by working backward from evidence in the present.

Forensic science is invaluable in researching historical matters. Unfortunately, it has flaws and can be trumped by eyewitness accounts.
Credit: RGBStock / wernerb
Suppose you came upon some rubble that included broken bricks, a shoe, and other things. Is there an interesting story or did someone just throw things there? Someone involved in forensics would attempt to piece together the details if there was a need to do so.

I recently saw an episode of CSI where there were no witnesses and no suspects in a murder investigation. The crime lab team members were attempting to reconstruct the sequence of events and getting nowhere. Then they realized they were doing things backward, and this led to finding a crucial piece of evidence. While only a story, it illustrated how people can make wrong assumptions and have to change when they have new ideas — and new evidence.

Of course, a reliable eyewitness can supplement the forensic work, or even trump it. Sometimes science regarding the past can be tainted by agendas (especially when secularists want to prove evolution) or have conflicting pieces of evidence. Historical records by eyewitnesses become increasingly important the further back in time that something is being investigated. The Bible is the eyewitness account of creation by God, who was there and did the creating. A great deal of forensic evidence supports this (as well as the global Genesis Flood), and faulty secular science goes in circles.
Yes, forensics is a useful tool and often “gets” the bad guy. But it has severe limitations, and overestimating its power can result in a tragic miscarriage of justice, especially when it is wrongly elevated over truthful eyewitness testimony. My mind went back to a former case, where I learned this lesson all too well. I like to call it “The Case of the Bloodless Bullet Wound.”
You can read the entire article (written by a forensic scientist) or download the audio by clicking on "The Case of the Bloodless Bullet Wound". You may also be interested in this video on fingerprint design presented by a forensic science educator.

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Tuesday, January 7, 2020

Rejecting the H. naledi Ancestor

Something that has caused a great deal of controversy among both creationists and believers in atom-to-anthropologist evolution is H. naledi. Although we have discussed this before (the last post is here), some of the dust has settled and a couple of more thorough articles are available.

Evolutionists tried to present H. naledi as an evolutionary link, which caused controversy among both evolutionists and creationists. Now we can tell it is unimportant.
Credit: Wikimedia Commons / Lee Roger Berger research team (CC BY 4.0)
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Before we commence to digging, I want to say that there is a balance to be kept. My usual counsel to folks who get all het up about evolutionary news is to wait a spell until more information is presented. However, if stories are big enough, they need to be presented — but with a note of caution. Such was the case with Homo naledi.

There were many suspicious elements about the H. naledi stories, especially the part about remains that appeared to have been buried in a cave chamber with difficult access, implying that the creature was somewhat intelligent. Instead, the best explanation is that the remains of humans, apes, and animals (all jumbled together) were washed in by flood waters for the most part.

Another suspicious fact is that Berger, who was the purveyor of this excitement, failed to mention that he didn't bother with another part of the cave and its contents. It was much easier to access.

Also, the human bones in the mix probably suffered from the developmental pathology of cretinism. This would have had noticeable physical effects that are consistent with the remains.

No human evolution to see here, folks. Just another attempt to grab grant money and fame. The science was poor, and the ethics seem to be the moral equivalent of dealing from the bottom of the deck. Well, that's what they do, based on their naturalistic worldviews. Hopefully, we can leave this stuff buried.
One of the most confusing and enigmatic “ape-man” discoveries of the 21st century has been Homo naledi. Its discoverer was Lee Berger, a controversial American paleoanthropologist working at Wits University in Johannesburg, South Africa. The claims surrounding this discovery have been extolled, criticized, and debated by both evolutionists and creationists. In fact, a 2015 science news piece in The Guardian highlighted the raging controversy among secular academics over H. naledi. It was titled “Scientist who found new human species accused of playing fast and loose with the truth.”
To finish reading, click on "Homo naledi: Another Failed Evolutionary Ape-Man". But wait! If you act now, you can read another article that includes some additional material, "Making sense of ‘Homo naledi’.

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Monday, January 6, 2020

Science Arose by Rejecting Faulty Views

It seems possible that the scientific principle of Making Things Up™ originated with the ancient Greek philosophers. Like scientists, those philosophers based their speculations on observations and their theological views. Biblical scientists managed to liberate science from the predominant Greek ideas.

Science was stifled by ancient Greek philosophies and theology. It took scientists who believed the Bible to liberate science and help it advance.
Credit: Pixabay / Gerd Altmann
They had a belief that matters had a divine substance and that the gods were subject to that and to other laws. The Stoics thought that objects had souls, and had occult qualities attached to them; sympathy would cause a man to be attracted to a woman like a iron is attracted to a magnet (I wonder if Walter Egan knew this). The Epicureans (Paul the apostle debated Epicureans and the Stoics) had evolutionary ideas. Plato and Aristotle also had some odd concepts, and this child wonders if logic had developed enough for people to ask, "How do you know that?"

Later, people believed the Bible instead of just-so stories, and many of those people were scientists. They wanted to know about how divine will and law affected nature. Of course, not all of them were orthodox. Although Isaac Newton is considered by many to have been the greatest scientist of all time, he believed the Bible but had some odd pursuits as well. It was observed that creation is orderly and designed by the Creator, so science began to grow. Indeed, modern science is rooted in the work of people who believed the Bible. Christian theology liberated science from the foolishness of ancient Greek philosophies. Now if modern secular scientists would put away evolutionism...
In order for science to progress, it was necessary to reject the erroneous view of nature handed down by Greek philosophers, and which dominated among the intellectual elite during much of the medieval period. Leading historians of science acknowledge that the Christian doctrines of God and Creation played a pivotal role in this process. The Greek view of nature as a living organism was replaced by the biblical view that only people and animals have souls. This led to the rejection of the Greek explanation for motion as arising from tendencies internal to objects, and its replacement with the concept of external, divinely imposed laws. The Greek view that natural processes are governed by eternal principles binding even on the gods was replaced by the biblical view of God’s omnipotence and His freedom to create as He willed. This led to the belief that the laws of nature were determined entirely by God’s choice and could, therefore, only be discovered by observations.
To read the rest, click on "Christian theology and the rise of Newtonian science—imposed law and the divine will".

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Saturday, January 4, 2020

Creation Science, Biomimetics, and the Bombardier Beetle

Creationists have been using the bombardier beetle as an example of irreducible complexity before that that phrase was first used by Dr. Michael Behe. Essentially, everything has to be in place from the start or nothing works. The bombardier beetle has also inspired some scientific applications.

The bombardier beetle has been frequently cited by creationists as an example of irreducible complexity. It becomes more fascinating from an engineering perspective, and practical applications were gleaned.
Australian bombardier beetle image credit:
Wikimedia Commons / Peter Halasz (CC by-SA 3.0)
There are many species of these beetles. Some of them are the explosive types that fire off bursts of hot liquid accurately at predators, and others have similar approaches. #Liar4Darwin Clinton Richard Dawkins told half truths and left out important information while denigrating creation and affirming evolution. Of course, his "it evolved" non-answer was typical of Darwin's acolytes.

Professor Andy McIntosh was familiar with the common fascinating information, but he has a different perspective and education, so he asked different questions than the rest of us may ask. His collaboration and examination led to practical applications (biomimetics/biomimicry) for us humans.
Looking at high-speed photos of a bug blasting chemicals from its behind might fascinate most of us for only a few minutes, but not Andy. Someone with a doctorate in combustion theory doesn’t look at the world the way we do. He knew that there must be more to the story.
Biologists have known about the beetle since the early 1800s, when the first reports were published about beetles shooting “artillery.” Later in the 1960s and 1970s, the world’s leading expert on the bombardier beetle, entomologist Thomas Eisner, made some exciting discoveries about the beetle’s complex chemistry, but many mysteries remained.
What caught Andy’s attention in the new report was the obvious evidence of combustion, his area of expertise. Something amazing must be going on for an insect to set off a series of explosions and then to machine gun its enemies.
To read this article in its entirety or download the audio version, click on "The Mystery of the Exploding Beetle".

We’ve all seen pictures of animals doing battle or predators stalking their unsuspecting prey. But the Bombardier beetle is equipped with what scientists have described as a chemical cannon.

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Friday, January 3, 2020

Secularists Still Puzzled over T. Rex Soft Tissues

When soft tissues of dinosaurs were discovered, they were considered oddities or misunderstood. Problems for secularists continued as more soft tissues were found as well as proteins, so rescuing devices were attempted. Another effort was made that does not bode well for evolutionary ideas.

More T. rex soft tissues, more rescuing devices from puzzled secularists with cognitive dissonance.

Count Krosstich told me that these folks have to deal with a great deal of cognitive dissonance. True, they are presuming that dinosaur bones have been in the ground for millions of years, but also knowing that soft tissues and proteins cannot last anywhere near that long. The toast concept and Maillard reactions have been invoked, but nothing popped up with them. New studies have tremendous flaws. These people should admit that the evidence supports recent creation and the global Genesis Flood of only a few thousand years ago.
The latest fossil biochemistry paper, published in Scientific Reports, describes “blood vessel structures” recovered from inside a T. rex femur. This is the same femur in which the Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology featured collagen fibers, protein remnants, and possible DNA signatures back in 1997. Since then, debate has raged among experts. On one hand, fossil experts keep reporting more biochemicals in all kinds of fossils. On the other hand, protein experts keep confirming that biochemicals cannot possibly last millions of years. This new report attempts to bridge those two parties.
The Scientific Reports paper focused on mechanisms that might help protein last for 65 million years—the length of time that secular scientists insist the T. rex bone rested in the earth. Such mechanisms bear a big burden. Assuming normal temperatures, proteins and other biomolecules fall apart after only thousands of years.
To read the rest of the article, click on "More T. rex Soft Tissues". Yippie ky yay, secularists!

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