Welcome to the home of "The Question Evolution Project". There is no truth in minerals-to-man evolution. Evidence refuting evolution is suppressed by the scientific establishment, which is against the true spirit of scientific inquiry. Using an unregistered assault keyboard, articles and links to creation science resources are presented so people can obtain evidence that is not materialistic propaganda. —Established by Cowboy Bob Sorensen

Wednesday, August 16, 2017

Secular Cosmologists Increasingly Desperate

Rational people think that if a hypothesis or theory is not supported by evidence, it is discarded and everyone moves on to something better. Unfortunately for science and reason, the Big Bang has been tweaked, adjusted, had the top sawed off and stapled on the bottom, sprayed with patchouli essential oil, run over with a steam roller — okay, I'm exaggerating just a bit. The fact remains that the Big Bang has failed, but instead of being discarded, it is modified for further failures. Then modified again, repeat as needed and call it science.

Big Bang continues to fail, secular cosmologists increasingly desperate
Credit: NASA/GSFC (usage does not imply endorsement of site contents)
The current patch involves dark matter, dark energy, and other things involving "dark". There is no evidence that these things exist, but cosmic evolutionists cling to these things anyway. It should be obvious why: they despise the rational alternative, that God created the universe, and much more recently than fourteen billion years or so ago. Lack of science is causing scientists to say things that could be attributed to chawing down on peyote buttons.

Here is an article with several startling examples of nonsense that is worthy of Hugh Ross, just click on "Cosmology Still in the Dark". Also, you may like an article about unwarranted excitement over lifeless, smelly, dangerous molecules in space. For that, navigate to "Dead Molecules Found Around Star!"

Tuesday, August 15, 2017

Evolution and the Human Sense of Smell

We hear about how impressive the sense of smell is in animals, especially dogs. According to Darwinian mythology, humans do not have an acute sense of smell. People have believed that idea for a long time, but it's based on assumptions and conjecture, not actual science.

Human sense of smell far more acute than evolutionists led us to believe
Credit: Pixabay / shixugang
But just study on it for a spell. Ever wake up in the morning because you smelled coffee brewing? Or bacon frying? Maybe you were awakened by the smell of smoke and wanted to make sure your place wasn't on fire. Personal fragrances are sold at exorbitant prices. Know why? Because people can smell them. (Some are marketed to men with the idea that if women get a whiff of this particular fragrance on you, they'll — oh, you know.) Show of hands: how many people like the smell of cut grass? Various scents stir our memories and emotions. Interesting that we can save and reproduce sounds and visuals, and to some extent what we physically feel, but there are no recorders for smell and taste, but I digress.

Evolutionists essentially believe that we evolved our way out of our sense of smell to make room in our brains for language capacity. Since we're so highly evolved, our sense of smell became mostly vestigial — useless junk. No, we were created, and we have our parts for specific reasons. Those unscientific, unfounded evolutionary conjectures interfered with scientific research in this area for a mighty long time. That's changed.
We’ve all heard that, compared to mammalian animals like dogs, humans have a poor sense of smell. Did you know that this notion is a 19th century myth? And that this commonly accepted myth is based on an evolutionary idea rather than scientific evidence?

“Poor Human Olfaction Is a 19th Century Myth” — Rutgers University neuroscientist John McGann’s review published in Science — traces the origin and consequences of this belief and reviews evidence to the contrary. How good a sniffer you are, it turns out, depends on what you’re trying to sniff out and how you measure olfactory quality and ability.
To finish reading, nose on over to "Humans’ Poor Sense of Smell Is an Evolutionary Myth".

Monday, August 14, 2017

Assumptions on Understanding Data

It's not a matter of our facts and their facts because scientific evidence is interpreted according to assumptions. Someone may say, "That fossil on my mantlepiece shows that the world is billions of years old", while someone else can look at the same rock and say, "That rock is evidence for the Genesis Flood". Everyone has the same data to work with, and we all start with our own beliefs.

More to Do credit: Freeimages / David Stern
Many times, atheists will claim that science is atheistic by nature, but that is one of the unsustainable presuppositions they hang on scientific methods. For that matter, I've seen the demand, "Prove scientifically that God exists". This shows a lack of logical thinking as well as a misunderstanding of both the capabilities and limitations of science; it cannot prove anything (let alone the existence of God via the category error), but science can show if a hypothesis or theory does not work.

The kind of science that we can see, repeat, test, and so on is operational or experimental science. My example at the top about the rock on the mantlepiece is an example of historical or forensic science, where scientific methods are used in efforts to reconstruct the past. Strictly speaking, things like cosmology and evolution are not science; no human saw the origin of the universe and certainly cannot repeat it. 

By the way, some tinhorns object to the term historical science, and especially the obvious distinction between historical and operational sciences. You'll see it referred to as if it was specific to Ken Ham (just like Bill Nye the Leftist Guy referred to "Ken Ham's" creation science, as if he was the only one who believed it). Creationists are not the only ones to make the distinction. It was interesting to see that the term historical science was used since 1900 by the International Congress of Historical Sciences, and was used in The Philosophy of History by Friedrich von Schlegel in 1935. Here is one of several examples I found of a secular scientist making the distinction in a paper.

Somehow, particles-to-pugilist evolutionists (the internet keyboard warrior sidewinders) play some equivocation games by equating science with evolution, then calling creationists "science deniers" which is a blatant lie. The claim is based on their presuppositions for interpreting evidence as well as failing to understand science itself. Science is a methodology, old son.

A more direct example of faulty assumptions is the claim that the giant panda's "thumb" is evidence against the Creator and for mindless evolution. That fails in the light of reason, because anti-creationists are assuming that the appendage is a failed thumb, but it actually works quite well for the panda's purposes. Their interpretations of what is observed in the panda led to wrong evolutionary and anti-theistic assumptions.

Because of anti-creationist propaganda, it may bring a prairie schooner full of startlement to tell y'all that creationists do not reject observed data, and no scientific fact controverts the Bible. We reject storytelling based on evolutionary assumptions masquerading as science, and we present creationary interpretations of evidence. In fact, observed data are better handled through biblical creation explanations and models; the same data are harmful to evolutionary views.
The whole point of science is that anyone doing the same experiment under the same conditions should get the same result. (The pioneers of modern science believed this because they believed in a divine Lawmaker who upheld His creation in an orderly way.) So, if you can’t do repeatable experiments, it’s not science. This includes many ideas of origins. One example is cosmogony (‘birth of the universe’), quoting a co-founder of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey:
“Cosmology may look like a science, but it isn’t a science,” says James Gunn of Princeton University, co-founder of the Sloan survey. “A basic tenet of science is that you can do repeatable experiments, and you can’t do that in cosmology.”
Dr Michael Turner, a theoretical cosmologist at the University of Chicago and the person who coined the term Dark Energy, tried to salvage cosmology by conceding that it’s different from experimental science and is instead historical science.
To read the rest, click on "'This changes everything!' — The right perspective makes a big difference".

Saturday, August 12, 2017

Earth's Magnetic Field and Solar Sneezes

A spell back, I posted about how life predated science fiction because Earth has something akin to planet-sized deflector shields. These are the Van Allen radiation belts, which were previously unknown until the Explorer satellite series helped find them. Later, the cosmic evolution-defying deflector properties were discovered.

Van Allen belts shield earth, Richter helped in their discovery
On January 31, 1958, Explorer 1 brought the US into the space age.
Image credit: NASA (usage does not imply endorsement of site contents)
When you sneeze, you're ejecting...stuff. The sun sends the occasional blast of stuff our way, which has been likened to a solar sneeze. 'Snot funny, That plasma and radiation could cause us problems. The following link leads to an article by Dr. Henry Richter, who was involved in the Explorer series and the detection of the Van Allen belts. It's good for a space exploration history lesson, and a reminder that our Creator set things up for our protection, even way out yonder.
A recent article about an attribute of the Van Allen Belts and how they operate strikes me as another prime example of how the Earth and its environment are designed to allow and protect life. Every now and then, the sun sends a large coronal mass ejection (CME) toward the Earth. This is a lot of dangerously destructive plasma which is a hazard to life and to electronic devices and systems. If the CME reached an unprotected Earth, it would cause widespread damage. The article on Phys.org, “Sun eruptions hit Earth like a Sneeze‘, say scientists,” describes what would happen without protection by our magnetic field.
To read the rest, click on "Earth’s Magnetic Field Protects Us from Solar Sneezes". Bless you, sun. 

Friday, August 11, 2017

Creation Science and Predictions

Something that crops up in discussions regarding science is predictability. Operational science (the kind you see every day, which is observable, repeatable, testable, and so on) has that going for it. Origins science is a horse of a different color. You can't repeat, test, observe the origin of the universe or alleged universal common ancestor evolution. Scientists in the evolutionary and creationary camps make some serious efforts at predicting some things, though.

Creation science outstanding predictions
Credit: Pixabay / Gerd Altmann
Evolutionists have a dreadful record of making predictions (as seen here, for example), but since the secular science industry is in power, ideology is more important than truth or accuracy. Maybe their poor record is why we hear outright falsehoods about creationary scientists, such as denying that they are published in scientific journals, they do make predictions (including the failed Homo naledi fiasco), that they are not credentialed scientists, and so on. The article linked below features three outstanding creationary scientists and their predictions.
Some of us may not understand the scientific properties that make our world work, but we still know we can depend on them. When we wake up each morning, we have a good idea what’s coming next. After all, the faithful One who created the universe sustains it “by the word of His power”—from water to gravity, from stars to atomic forces (Hebrews 1:3). The laws reflect God’s character. Because He doesn’t change, the laws that keep our universe going don’t change either. He’s the reason our water heaters churn out hot water and the earth keeps spinning on its axis.

Those consistent laws allow us to make predictions about the universe. Life is like a big jigsaw puzzle, with a pile of jumbled pieces that entice us to put them together. The Creator wants us to recognize patterns and begin making connections between the pieces. Once we find the borders and start matching similar colors and patterns, we start to see the final image that glorifies Him.
To read the entire article (or download the audio version), click on "Creationists’ Power to Predict".

Thursday, August 10, 2017

Constellations, Cultures, and Babel

There are several items that creationists tend to post involving certain worldwide legends, such as stories of dragons and tales of global floods in numerous cultures (including the Epic of Gilgamesh). I don't rightly recollect seeing much about constellations around the world, though.

Constellations in common many worldwide people groups evolution fails creationists have answer
Credit: NASA (usage does not imply endorsement of site contents)
It's easy to imagine people laying in the grass or a field on a dark night and picking out stars to make constellations — you may have done it yourself. So it's somewhat puzzling to hear speculations about where the constellations originated. Many star patterns are common to widely separated people groups since ancient times, but according to evolutionists, the people evolved in different localities. The mysterium tremendum of convergent evolution is invoked in lieu of actual science to explain this puzzler.

Darwinists are inadvertently admitting they have no idea why diverse cultures have many of the same constellations. Biblical creationists have a better explanation for observed facts, but naturalists reject it out of hand: post-Flood people at Babel were dispersed, and many took their pagan beliefs with them.
There are deep similarities among diverse cultures in their constellations. The similarities stem from an origin at least as remote as the dispersion from Babel, and vastly pre-date cross-cultural missionary outreaches of recent centuries. Cultural differences in constellations have resulted from distinct developments in various people groups since the dispersion from Babel. Constellations appear to contain memories (in corrupted form) of ancient historical events such as the Flood, but evidence does not support the claim that the constellations were a kind of primeval revelation, a ‘gospel in the stars’.
To read the rest, click on "Constellations: legacy of the dispersion from Babel".

Wednesday, August 9, 2017

Basic Geological Models of the Genesis Flood

Scientists will formulate hypotheses, and if they withstand testing and challenges, those graduate into theories. You may have noticed that scientists like to make models. No, not those plastic things that are packaged in kits and held together with glue. A model is an attempt to explain an object or process that usually cannot be observed, so these are often found in historical science. When it comes to origins and the history of Earth, both secular and creationary scientists have their models. Models should have some correlation with observable evidence.

Coffee rocks credit: Freeimages / Jenny Rollo
Uniformitarian ("the present is the key to the past") geologists generally insist on slow and gradual processes to explain what is observed — except when they are forced to steal a rapid, catastrophic processes horse from the biblical creationists' corral. That is, secular scientists are frequently surprised by the evidence because it cannot be explained by their belief system, so they occasionally insert rapid processes when necessary.

Biblical creationists maintain that what is observed in geological formations is best explained by the rapid processes mentioned above. Creation science geology models present strong evidence for the Genesis Flood, which in turn explains fossilization, plate tectonics and subduction, rapid reversals in Earth's magnetic field, rapid erosion, the Ice Age, indicates a young earth, and more. And it does this 'splainin' far better than secular hypotheses and models. They don't cotton to this, because Darwin needs huge amounts of time, secularists want it, and creationists are showing the implausibility of deep time.
Although evolutionary scientists insist there is no evidence for the global, Earth-destroying Flood described in Genesis, accepting the Genesis Flood as literal history enables researchers to make sense of a wide array of geological, climatic, and cultural data.
I'm be much obliged if you'd read the rest of the article. To do so, click on "The Flood, Catastrophic Plate Tectonics, and Earth History".

Tuesday, August 8, 2017

Impact Geologists Find Lighting Quite Striking

Seems to be a frequent "explanation" for secular geologists: impact. Some huge object fell out of the sky, smacked into the earth, causing a whole heap of changes. This is followed by some kind of "then evolution did rearranging" boilerplate remark. I suspicion that it's easy to come up with feckless "science" for unobserved phenomena, especially when the main subject involves deep time, which is required by Papa Darwin.

Lightning strikes misinterpreted as meteorite impacts
Time-lapse lightning strikes, image credit: NOAA
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The big impact story has flaws, such as claimed strikes lacking certain evidence. In addition, lightning has been found to shock quartz and give a superficial resemblance to a meteorite impact. Lightning hits the earth about 100 times a second, and is mighty hot, too. Looks like another bit of secular geology has to be rewritten in the textbooks.
For decades, geologists have looked at shocked quartz as an unambiguous sign of an asteroid impact. Only the pressure and heat of an impact could shock quartz sufficiently to produce what was seen. Geologists clung to this notion even when there was no evidence of an impact. There are places in Argentina and in Australia like that, Melosh says. But since the shocked quartz was an “infallible” sign of impact, what else could they conclude?

Things just got tougher for impact geologists.

There are now evidences that ordinary lightning can produce pressure waves and temperatures sufficient to shock quartz. Fulgurites are peculiar “fossils” of lightning that form when bolts strike the ground. Studies of fulgurites show that they, too, can exhibit “planar deformation features” (PDFs) that were considered diagnostic of impacts.
To read the entire article, click on "Lightning Fries Impact Theory". You may also be interested in this post on fulgurites and how they indicate a young earth

Monday, August 7, 2017

Giardia, The Cute Pathogen

Imagine this phone call:

"Hi Jim, want to come over and do microscopy stuff?" Got some burgers to grill, and other fixin's. It'll be fun."

"Oh, hi, Marc. I should get out of here for a while. Listen, I need a break from the dinosaur soft tissues for a while. Got anything else?"

"Well, I have some Giardia. We can stain them with iodine, and some with trichrome. They're cute."

"Yes, they are. I can imagine constellations and stuff. Okay, I'll be over soon".

There's a pathogen called Giarda that is an intestinal parasite which causes a disease called giardiasis. It's common, but many people have no idea they have it because there are no symptoms. Others get the colon explosion. Here is some health information about giardiasis if you're interested.

Giardia causes intestinal disease but also thwarts evolution
Giardia trophozoites stained with trichrome.
Credit: Waterborne Disease Prevention Branch, CDC
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Giardia has some interesting traits where it does not infect some carriers and does not infect all humans. Further, there are some aspects of symbiosis. Creationists have some interesting ideas on how it was before the Fall. In addition, it thwarts evolution because of its distinct design, especially in its locomotion.
Giardia is a genus of protozoa discovered in 1681. Six morphologically distinct species are recognized. It mainly attaches in the upper GI tract of a wide variety of vertebrates (including zebrafish), often with beaver and muskrat as reservoirs/carriers but exhibiting minimal—if any—disease in some animals. Giardia is usually non-pathogenic in the human population, even in children if exposed early in life. Although Giardia can be pathogenic, some strains colonize the gut with no malady. This parasite is not invasive and only serious infections depress the small intestine. Giardia are pear-shaped, have an adhesive disc for attaching to enterocyte cells in the small intestine villus, and move with eight designed flagella. In the post-Fallen world, Giardia infection occasionally has resulted in digestive dysfunction. However, Giardia may function in non-parasitic, possibly mutualistic, ways.
To read the rest of this rather long but well-illustrated article, click on "The Design of Giardia and the Genesis of Giardiasis".

Saturday, August 5, 2017

Mosquito Flight Defies Evolution

This post was almost scratched because a lot of us detest skeeters, and I did a post a spell back about the design and dangers of the dreadful things. But this one has different details to examine: their flight. Y'all can appreciate the wonders of not only science and technology, but the design work of the Master Engineer, right?

Mosquitos defy evolution and are studied for biomimetics
Mosquito on elder plant image credit: Pixabay / zsuzstot
For a very long time, scientists could not figure out how mosquitoes were able to fly. Like so many other discoveries that affirm creation and refute evolution, advances in science and technology made it possible to commence understanding mosquito flight — they can beat their wings 800 times a second, after all. Many components had to be in place from the beginning or it simply could not fly. At all. Ever. Evolutionists use their special system of Making Things UP™ to "explain" how maybe perhaps it could be they suspect how wings formed. As the fossil record shows, there is no evidence of evolution; a mosquito has always been a mosquito. Some people just don't get the point.
Nature magazine recently published a fascinating article on high frequency mosquito flight. The authors of this comprehensive article discuss mosquito wing beats with “three axes and angles that define flapping wing kinematics [describing the motion of points]; stroke position, wing pitch angle, and deviation angle.”

In the past, zoologists (i.e., aerodynamicists) have used a procedure to monitor wing movement called quasi-steady modelling. However, for the mosquito, this approach could not “encapsulate wake capture, rotational drag and nonlinear vortex phenomena.” But the four researchers were successful in describing the “unusual wing kinematics” of the mosquito.
To read the article in its entirety, click on "High Frequency Mosquito Flight Shows Design". In addition, there's another with some fascinating aerodynamic information, and how mosquito flight is being studied for biomimetics, "Science Says Mosquitoes Cannot Fly But Recently Found Out How They Do".

Friday, August 4, 2017

The Blue Whale and Evolution

Kind of hard to believe that such a huge critter like the blue whale eats little shrimp-like creatures called krill, and they eat a lot of them every day. The whale does this like a giant scoop, swallowing enough water to fill a swimming pool, then closing their mouths under all that pressure. It blasts out the water through blowholes. Whales are mammals that breathe air, so they come up to the surface for that as well as blowing out the sea water. This made them targets for whalers, who brought them to the brink of extinction in days gone by.

Blue whale puzzles evolutionists, testifies of Creator's work
Credit: NOAA Fisheries / Southwest Fisheries Science Center
James W. Gilpatrick, Jr. and Morgan S. Lynn
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According to evolutionary mythology, life went from the sea to land, and mammals like this went back to the sea. The Charles Darwin Club Secret Decoder Ring© inadvertently reveals that this is strictly guesswork based on evolutionary presuppositions; they do not have evidence for this process. They also have a very loud sound that puzzles scientists, since they can't find the mechanism for vocalization. Don't be expecting to hear it, because it's usually below human range. Going further, there are many specialized mechanisms for the whale's survival (including the one to close its mouth while scooping a watery lunch) that defy explanation through mutations, time, chance, natural selection, and so forth. No, this is yet another example of the Creator's design in action.
What is the largest animal of all time—even larger than the most massive dinosaurs? The answer is the blue whale. These giants average about 70 feet in length, although some were reportedly more than 100 feet long during the whaling era. That’s about the length of three school buses! While some dinosaurs were longer from nose to tail, the blue whale still tops them in sheer bulk. Blues weigh around 200,000 pounds (100 tons), while the largest land mammal today is the African bull elephant, which may weigh eight tons. If the blue whale lived on land, its skeleton would collapse under its weight. But the blue whale’s home is the vast ocean expanse, where the water’s buoyant force supports its bulk.
To finish reading, click on "Blue Whale: The Mammoth of the Sea". You may also like this article on fanciful stories falsely presented as science, "Whale of a Tail Tale".

Thursday, August 3, 2017

Oceans on Mars?

The search for signs of life on Mars continues, partly motivated by the hope of secularists to justify their faith in molecules-to-Martian evolution and abiogenesis, and from there, deny the Creator. Before that, however, secularists desire to find water on Mars. It appears that water was indeed there in the past as the signs are quite distinct, though not all scientists are convinced.

Water on Mars speculations raise serious, unanswered questions
Speculative image of an ocean on Mars, credit: NASA
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Some scientists are saying that billions of Darwin years ago, Mars was a mighty fine place that even had oceans. Conjectures and models about what happened in the unobserved past can be useful, but they need to deal with evidence. Questions are raised, such as how Mars got water in the first place, where it went, conditions that would allow such vast quantities of water, the "faint young sun paradox", and more. Interesting that these owlhoots are willing to consider huge amounts of water out yonder despite lack of evidence, but deny the abundant evidence of the global Genesis Flood right here on our turf that is mostly covered by water.
Mars has no liquid water today, but water must have covered much of the planet in the past. How? Nobody knows.
Look at the diagram of Mars the way some secular planetary scientists believe it looked in ancient times (Phys.org). It’s almost covered with water. How could that be? There’s no liquid water there today, and Mars lacks the atmosphere that could keep it liquid. It’s also too cold for liquid water most of the time, although some may be locked up as ice in the polar caps.
Scientists infer its presence by its effects. The surface of Mars today is covered with what look like drainage channels. A leading hypothesis is that liquid water carved them at some time in the unobservable past, perhaps about 3 billion years ago.
To finish reading, click on "Secularists Can Believe Mars Had a Global Flood". Below is a speculative video of conditions on Mars 4 billion imaginary years ago. Impressive animation!

Wednesday, August 2, 2017

The Appalachian Mountains "Problem"

Secular geologists have been troubled by inconsistencies in the Appalachian Mountains, distinct by the knickpoints (such as waterfalls) and erosion. In an earlier post, we looked at escarpments (steep cliffs along coasts). Those, too, have added to uniformitarian confusion. Using the magic of imagination, geologists came up with a supposed answer to the problem: an additional uplift, called a rejuvenation.
Cullasaja Falls and other knickpoints are problematic for secular geologists
Cullasaja Falls image credit: US Forestry Service

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Part of their resolution looks good on paper. However, like many other supposed explanations that secular scientists offer to keep their old Earth paradigm, important details are not addressed. When the data are examined and interpreted through the Biblical Geological Model of the Genesis Flood, things make much more sense.
In the United States, most students learned in their grade school geography class that the Appalachian Mountains have the appearance of old age since they are rather rounded or ‘subdued’. They may have also learned the Appalachians are predominantly composed of Paleozoic sedimentary rock. However, there are places in the Appalachian Mountains that are rugged, indicative of recent uplift:
To finish reading this short but uplifting article, click on "The Appalachian Mountains are young".

Tuesday, August 1, 2017

Time to Bury H. Naledi

This character called Homo naledi has been an annoyance from the get-go. Well, the annoyance has been from devotees in the Darwinian death cult who got all fired up and claimed that this was something to shove into the human lineage mythology. Hope we're finally done with this critter.

Homo naledi was no evolution ancestor, it was a dead end
Mostly made at Vukki
Evolutionists were yee haw boy howdy about the finds and issued sensationalistic press releases — as usual. Something I counsel people who ask, "Evidence for evolution. This can be refuted, right?" is to settle down and wait a spell. Likewise, creationists were also saying to wait, and the Institute for Creation Research had the zivilcourage to predict that H. naledi would be another evolutionary failure. They were right.

The biggest problem for this alleged human ancestor is that the dates were wrong, even in evolutionary dating methods. In a welcome piece of honesty, the evolutionists overturned their own claims. They wouldn't be having these problems if they realized that particles-to-paleontologist evolution didn't happen, and the true record of origins is found in the creation account of Genesis.
Homo naledi skyrocketed to international fame in 2015 as a claimed ape-like ancestor of man that fit the story of human evolution. Discoverer and promoter Lee Berger published hasty reports and then toured the world with dynamic, media-packed presentations. Back then, the Associated Press wrote that scientists had “discovered a new member of the human family tree” in the odd-looking fossil assembly.
To continue reading the article that hopefully puts this thing to rest, click on "Another Evolutionary Ancestor Gets Nixed".

Monday, July 31, 2017

Genesis and Ancient Mythologies

There's a prairie schooner-full of legends about creation, the global deluge, humanity's dispersal, and a heap of other things. Skeptical scholars tend to presuppose that the Biblical record of history, especially the early chapters of Genesis, is not the written Word of God. To do this, they need to make a number of assumptions and ignore important details.

Bible accounts of the global deluge were not copied from pagan myths

Something I reckon is a big stumbling block is the dating of the manuscripts. Some tinhorns will be on the prod and say, "Those ancient documents were dated as being hundreds of years older than Moses supposedly lived". We've seen how dating methods can be inaccurate, and it also raises questions regarding which manuscripts were dated, and what dating procedures were used.

People will also look at the similarities of the documents and, based on their presumptions and biases against the biblical manuscripts, assume that Genesis was copied by the Hebrews from other peoples' myths. Something they need to consider is the differences between Genesis and the ancient tales — something we considered in "Adam was a Man, not a Myth". The Epic of Gilgamesh contained a global deluge story, but it has many significant differences from the Genesis Flood account that are neglected by many scholars. Pagan gods and people are capricious and immoral, making the claim of Hebrew copying ridiculous.

The biblical account of the Genesis Flood and other events have internal consistency and integrity. Instead of thinking that Genesis took elements from other people, it's the other way around: the biblical accounts are accurate, and the pagan myths are copies that became corrupted over time and by cultures.
When faced with the question as to whether the Bible accurately records ancient history in Genesis 1–11 or was derived from some other “ancient” document, we first need to apply a solemn reminder. God’s Word has made the ultimate and justifiable claim for itself that none of these other ancient texts has made. The Bible repeatedly asserts to be the perfect Word of God (2 Timothy 3:16; 2 Peter 1:21; Psalm 19:7; 119:160). If the Bible borrowed from ancient mythologies, this claim would be called into question.
To read the rest of this very interesting article, click on "Is Genesis 1–11 a Derivation from Ancient Myths?" For some additional material, I recommend two other articles, "Are Biblical accounts copied from pagan religions? Part 1. The God of Creation" and "Are Biblical accounts copied from pagan religions? Part 2. The Resurrection".

Saturday, July 29, 2017

How Do You Know It Is True?

by Cowboy Bob Sorensen

The title brings to mind a roomful of intellectuals discussing Kant, Hegel, Descartes, Voltaire, and arguing until they're blue in their mouths. While this article deals with philosophy, it is not highfalutin, impractical stuff. It's because I have learned some important things and want to pass them along, and they're very useful for reasoning. Also, I hope the programming on this site is going to deliver on its "promises" and doesn't distract from the content.

How you know that something is true is actually a very important question
Made at RedKid.net, with the text on concrete done using Paint.NET

Don't Let the Big Word Bother You

People who have read my material before probably know that I get to gnawing on that worldviews bone after a hearty helping of presupposition, as in presuppositional apologetics (a.k.a. transcendental apologetics). That is, everyone has a worldview, which is just as it seems: a way of looking at the world, our experiences, beliefs, assumptions, and so on. Presuppositions are those things we assume are true, but have not necessarily examined and tested.  Apologetics is a method of defending and presenting the truth of the Bible — and as Christians, we need to know what and why we believe. We all have our ultimate starting points. For the Christian, it should be the infallible Word of God. Other people have various fallible philosophies and opinions.

With me so far? Good.

I'm not going to load you up with a whole heap of big words, but there's one more we need so this article can be useful. That word is epistemology, and it means knowledge. Well, the -ology part means "the study of", so it's the study of knowledge. Don't run off just yet, it's not that hard to catch hold of. Epistemology is how we know something, and if it is true. Also important is the way certain terms are defined, so you really have to watch that in many discussions. If the basis for our knowledge is fundamentally flawed, we could be wrong about many things and end up where we don't want to be. See how that works? Since this article relies on the understanding and use of logic (no, you don't need to have an advanced degree in it), I suggest that you read "How should a Christian view logic?"

Knowing What You Know

Not  very many people make a point of examining and comprehensively defining their worldviews, presuppositions, and theory of knowledge. They have their opinions and "know" certain things, but are unaware of the hows and whys of what they claim to know. For most of us, our worldview grows over time, and is seldom consciously processed. One aspect of presuppositional apologetics is to give an internal critique of non-biblical worldviews. This includes asking questions about how people reached their conclusions, and how they know their starting points are accurate. Sometimes the in-between stuff, too.

It's interesting that, no matter what the subject, people will argue from what they've been told. Christians do this, especially when a celebrity or teacher they like makes a statement, and their epistemology stops with the authority or personality of that person. How do you know the claim is true? That person who told you — how does he or she know something is true? (I've embarrassed myself by relaying incorrect information from unchecked sources, now I tend to be more circumspect.) Atheists and evolutionists believe what they've been told about Christians and creationists, but their epistemology generally stops at misotheist sites and the statements of friends. Their epistemology seldom involves actual source material. 

Professing atheists are far more willing to pass along negative material that they know is untrue — which is something I've seen done. You'll find atheo-fascists that seek out their fellow travelers who will "refute" evidence against evolution with "arguments" that amount to, "That's not true!" Then they feel better about themselves and their erroneous worldview. I recommend that professing atheists and agnostics ask themselves why they believe all sorts of negative things about the Bible, Christians, God, creation science, and so on. Perhaps they are simply following a leader, or trying to gain the approval of others. According to the Bible, they are attempting to justify their rebellion against God.

People like this have an a priori definition of reality as atheistic materialism: God and miracles do not exist, Genesis is false, nothing exists except the material world, and so on. They consider Christians and biblical creationists to be "reality deniers" because we do not kowtow to their assertions.  They get ornery, ridiculing us for using our own starting point: the revelation of God's Word. Ridicule is one of the manipulative tactics use to control a discussion. 

Related to that is how atheists get on the prod when Bible-believing Christians will not appeal to their pride by letting them decide whether or not God exists, and argue on neutral ground. No, there is no "neutral ground": we believe the Bible, and it says they know that God exists, but suppress the truth (Rom 1:18). I have to add that demanding of material proof for the existence of God is a logical fallacy called the category error. This is ironic, since they claim to uphold science, logic, and reason. (Note to apologists who use evidence only: evidence does not save anyone, nor will someone's brilliant arguments. That is the work of the Holy Spirit, see 1 Cor. 2:1-5. Also remember that we must be honoring to God in our apologetic methods.). Another irony is that such questions are theological and philosophical, not scientific. By the way, what tinhorn made science the pope of truth?

Examples to Ponder

"Reality doesn't work by perspectives. Things are objectively true whether you accept them or not". Sounds good on the surface, almost intellectual. You can take someone like this back to square one and ask him how he defines reality. Also, ask if he can he defend his position that things are "objectively true", and how he reached that conclusion. Actually, it is an arbitrary assertion. (I happen to know that this particular atheopath is a materialistic atheist and evolutionist. A very bitter one, too.) Arbitrariness is irrational, and is devastating to a worldview because it has no basis. It also leads to bullying and pejoratives like we saw in the example.

"Calling a creationist scientifically illiterate is dead on".
This, too, is based on evolutionary materialism, and is obviously bigoted. How does he know that creationists are "scientifically illiterate"? The claim requires knowledge beyond the capabilities of the one making the comment. His statement is also a lie that has been handily refuted many times. Related to this, "Creationism is more scientifically illiterate than flat earth, so no scientist can be a creationist." How would this jasper know that "creationism is more scientifically illiterate than flat earth"? This bigoted claim was made on a post that listed creationary scientists, so it is another falsehood based on arbitrary assertions, prejudicial conjecture, unargued assumptions, and an invalid comparison. Too illogical to warrant a prolonged discussion.

Also, notice that assumptions of superior atheistic "morality" gives some folks an imaginary license to lie, use multiple false accounts, deception, ridicule, and so on. When queried, some respond that creationists deserve ridicule and deceit. Really? Upon what basis? Do the critics use the same criteria for other people? It turns out that their erroneous epistemology gives them the "knowledge" and a right to ridicule those who do not hold to naturalistic presuppositions; they claim to have the greater good The end justifies the means, mein Schatzi

Normally, I try to do posts and articles several days in advance, and then schedule them to post. This article was several days in the making, and I actually finished it on the day I wanted it to publish. How do I know that it will publish? Because the software has been reliable before, according to my memory. Mostly reliable. My epistemology shows me that it's best to check and see that the software did not fail me, both here and sharing to social media.

Short-Form Summaries

The starting points for many people are based on opinions without knowledge (that is, poor epistemology), and can be summed up:

"There was no Genesis Flood, that is fiction!"


"Because atheism!"

Someone like that just disqualified himself from rational discussion and lost credibility. For one thing, it is not a science statement, it is his or her personal philosophy.

Here's another:

"You don't pick at flaws in evolutionary theory, namely because there are no such flaws."

How do you know this?

"Because evolution!"

That is, there are fundamentalist evolutionists who are compelled by blind faith to prop up Darwin at all costs — including contradicting evolutionary scientists who admit to flaws in evolution. They can not admit that a creationist is right in anything of consequence. In fact, we must be slapped down, even in small things.

Atheism and Evolution Make Science Logically Impossible

The epistemology of atheists and evolutionists relies on their ability to use reason. How do they know their ability to reason, their perceptions, their memories, are reliable? One atheopath said, "Presuppositional apologetics will always be self defeating. You always have to assume your brain is reliable a priori". 

Actually, the opposite is true. Important aspects of science are uniformity of nature, repeatability, and consistency. God is the author of logic, and upholds the universe (Heb. 1:3), so we know that the laws of logic and science will be the same tomorrow. Universal common ancestor evolution relies on chance, uncountable random mutations that somehow improve organisms, and a whole heap of time. According to atheism and evolution, we are simply bundles of chemicals responding to their reactions — we cannot trust our thoughts and memories. How can you trust your evolved-by-chance brain to give you reliable information? Not happening, pilgrim. 

By using logic and science, atheists and evolutionists are actually denying their own epistemology and worldview, and standing on the biblical worldview! They cannot explain science, logic, or anything else regarding the preconditions of human experience in their own worldview.

Finding Logical Fallacies

My regular readers probably knew I was going to bring this up. Because of their erroneous epistemology, atheists and evolutionists make numerous errors in reasoning — especially those that frequent the internet. Like the big words in this article, the term logical fallacies may seem intimidating, but those fallacies are often easy to spot. (They are fun when bundled. I've seen three or more fallacies in one sentence.) It's mighty difficult to build a rational, persuasive argument when using bad reasoning. Knowing about these errors not only helps us when Darwin's disciples attack, but helps us to reduce our own errors when presenting our reasons for believing. One place to start is my list of "Logic Lessons" and resources listed there.

Bringing It Together

The main word here is epistemology, which is the study of knowledge. How do you know what you know, and how do you know it's true? We all have an epistemology, but few people have actually given theirs a detailed analysis. We build our presuppositions on things we believe are true, and from there, we build our worldviews. The whole shootin' match is often done a piece at a time.

Atheists have an irrational and incoherent epistemology that is internally inconsistent. Logic and science are impossible according to a materialistic, atheistic worldview, so they indirectly admit that their belief system is incoherent, and stand on the biblical worldview. Likewise, evolution is scientifically impossible, since it relies on illogical things. 

Biblical creationists rely on the Word of God. It is internally consistent, and contains the answers necessary for human experience: where we came from, where we're going, and how we get there. Atheists hate presuppositional apologetics because those of us who use it will not appeal to their egos, and we will not compromise on the Bible. Further, we use this apologetic method to show that atheism and evolutionism are incoherent, internally inconsistent, and that Scripture contains the truth that they lack. Our epistemology is certain.

For further reading in addition to links used above, I highly recommend two articles that spurred me on to write this article. First, Dr. Jason Lisle's "Are You Epistemologically Self-Conscious?". Second and a bit deeper is Dr. Dave Greear's "The Role of Presuppositions and Worldviews in the Creation-Evolution Debate".

Friday, July 28, 2017

Nodosaur News is Good News

Shawn Funk had an interesting day on March 21, 2011 while working for Suncor Energy in Alberta, Canada. Excavation work had to be done (he's a miner, they do that kind of thing). Bet he didn't expect to make a bit of history by finding what is considered the best-preserved nodosaur (a type of armored dinosaur) fossil. 

Nodosaur fossil defies evolutionary assumptions and supports the Genesis Flood
Suncor nodosaur fossil photo credit: Wikimedia Commons / Machairo / CC BY-SA 4.0
Despite failed, hoary tales of Darwinists and old Earth geologists (such as dying, getting swept out to sea, then becoming preserved instead of scavenger chow), this critter had evidence to present supporting the Genesis Flood and a young Earth. Sure, they wouldn't be so surprised to find a marine creature in that area, but a land dweller? That's the first clue that something unusual happened. Preserved skin remnants were found as well. The whole thing is well-preserved and is expected to yield a whole passel of information, and it would be mighty helpful if the scientists dropped their evolutionary presuppositions so they could do actual sciencey stuff.
Nodosaurs were tank-like dinosaurs, similar to ankylosaurs, covered with spiky scales and a pair of two-foot-long spikes—one protruding from each shoulder. Miner S[h]awn Funk encountered one during 2011 in Alberta’s Millennium Mine. The fossil turned out to be the best of its kind.

No technical reports yet describe the specimen, but researchers have learned enough during the past six years of its painstaking preparation to suggest that it holds plenty of secrets about dinosaur life, death, and preservation.
To read the rest of the article, click on "Secrets from the World's Best-Preserved Nodosaur".