Welcome to the home of The Question Evolution Project. Presenting information demonstrating that there is no truth in minerals-to-man evolution, and presenting evidence for special creation. —Established by Cowboy Bob Sorensen

Thursday, May 31, 2018

Abortion, Abolition, and Creation

This post will have two parts, the first one is a link to an article, and second is a link to a video on an important related topic.

Regular readers may have noticed my conservative approach to theology, and biblical creation science seems to attract those of us who believe the Bible without compromise. In addition, my pro-life views have been made plain here several times. Once again, it seems that biblical creationists are pro-life as a whole; I have never encountered or read a biblical creationist who approves of abortion.

Credit: RGBstock / Jean Scheijen
In my activities online and in the physical world, I have noticed that there are few atheists who oppose abortion. This seems contradictory. After all, they believe that this life is all we have, make the most of it, pass along your genes (according to evolutionary thinking), then push up the daisies. It seems like they would fight for life everywhere. Unfortunately, atheists generally oppose the sanctity of marriage and promote things that are instituted by God.

We are not the product of molecules-to-mother evolution, old son. Creationists get to the heart of the matter, not only citing Bible verses to support our position on life, but explaining that life is sacred. Indeed, we are created in God's image, and he doesn't cotton to people killing the helpless. Further, the logical conclusion from medical science and logical thinking matches what Bible believers proclaim: life begins at conception.
Abortion is not simply an issue of empirical science because scientists cannot answer the question of precisely when human life begins. Abortion is a battle between worldviews. A prime component of these worldviews is whether or not one holds to the authority of Scripture. To be fair, some evolutionists may be pro-life. However, the implications of an evolutionary worldview lead to the devaluing of human life, whereas the implications of biblical creation uphold the sanctity of human life, even in the womb. What people believe about origins will influence their answers to the following questions related to the issue of abortion: Who is man? What is the purpose of death? Who determines right from wrong?
To read the rest, click on "Abortion and the Origins Debate". Also important, but with a focus on the American leftists, is "Sanitizing Genocide: Media Still Excuses Abortion"I hope you will also return for additional information, below.

Howdy, and welcome back. This next section is for Christians who oppose abortion.

There is a group known as Abolish Human Abortion. You may have seen them in protests, holding up signs with graphic photos of aborted babies, "church repent" signs, and their stylized AHA logo. Also, you can easily find them in various places on the web. There are several — I don't know what to call them — units, maybe (it is not a formal organization) in many locations. 

I have had encounters with AHA supporters. Although they claim to be Christians, they are very sanctimonious. I have been told, and read of other being told, that if you do not want to abolish abortion their way, right away, then you do not care about abortion at all, or are not even a Christian. I remember on Facebook Page that was supposedly about Christian apologetics, but gives a great deal of space to graphic AHA material. They also negated observances of tragedies with multiple killings with saying, in effect, "Yeah, but abortion is worse!" AHA supporters equate their purpose with the gospel. Not hardly! The gospel message is rather different.

Below is a link to a video by Dr. James White about remarks by Russell Hunter of AHA. It is supposed to start at 57 minutes at 15 seconds into the episode of The Dividing Line, so if it doesn't go there, you know where to skip ahead. The ranting is bad enough, but Hunter's quiet and reasonable-sounding presentation later on is, to be blunt, insidious. It's rather long, but worth seeing. To do so, click here.

Human abortion is evil, and the biblical creation worldview is the most consistent in opposing it. An evolutionary perspective is incomplete at best, and an atheistic perspective completely devalues human life.

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Wednesday, May 30, 2018

Surprising Inspirations for Biomimetics

The word serendipitous sometimes refers to a happy circumstance, or simply being in the right place at the right time. Several instances of biomimetics have occurred when a creature or organism was doing what it does, and someone wanted to know, "How does it do that?", or mayhaps, "We should try to imitate this feature".

Our Creator has given us minds to observe and develop applications from nature
Credit: Freeimages / Aleph Ozuas (cropped)
I have to admit that the article linked below is something I put off. That is because I didn't want to bring up another critter that might prompt some people say, "Ewww!" In this case, the much-maligned earwig is our first example. I'll allow that this insect is rather startling in appearance, and it is a pest for some folks. No, the story about it burrowing into your ear is a prairie patty. The interesting part is the way they fold their wings like they were doing origami, but more intricate. Engineers foresee biomedical applications, spacecraft modules, and other possibilities. 

Next, we look at maple seeds. You know, those slightly curved things that, as kids, many of us would toss into the air by the handful and watch them spin down like little helicopters. Good times. I still like to watch them fall or get taken by the wind. Anyway, scientists are considering drawing from the design of the seeds so the descent of instrument packages can be slowed. I wonder if they'll combine earwig origami with maple seed designs?

Then we have skin. The protein fibronectin is in fetal tissue, and it helps the developing child have skin that is free from wounds. A dressing made with this substance is being tested on wounds received on the battlefield, and the healing results are promising. Both this and a soy-based fiber method may be helpful for wounded soldiers and for burn victims.

Yet again, we see that our Creator has given us many things in nature from which we can draw inspiration. He has also given us minds to be able to develop many applications through biomimetics. Unfortunately, secularists do not give proper credit, preferring instead to refer to mystical forces of "nature", and give praise to Darwin, blessed be! Even so, God still provides common grace to believers and to those ingrates who reject him.

To read more about the items above, click on "Earwig Origami and Maple Seed Rockets".

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Tuesday, May 29, 2018

Dinosaurs Had No Evolutionary Past

According to universal common descent evolution, everything has a lineage. When pressed for evidence of this, secularists will present stories, speculations, museum pieces based on speculations, and a passel of vague terms. When you cross-check these things with your Charles Darwin Club Secret Decoder Ring©, the answer is, "Ain't got a clue".

there is no fossil evidence for dinosaur evolution
Credit: Pixabay / Marek Jackowski
The word has been out there, as a few secular scientists have admitted that there is no fossil history for dinosaur evolution. Biblical creationists have found a few of these reluctant confessions. A more significant, recent study has announced this same fact: no evidence of dinosaur evolution. Of course, they use some rescuing devices and circular reasoning to try to escape the fact that dinosaurs were recently created and not the product of millions of years of evolution. But those they are simply using the scientific principle of Making Things Up™ to salvage their narrative.


When there is no history of dinosaur evolution, many evolutionists are still willing to indulge in fact-free speculation that dinosaurs evolved into birds. The concept often leaves out important facts, and we still do not have evidence. Some of these jaspers still think that Archaeopteryx is a transitional form, though that has been largely refuted for decades. When desperate to preserve status of the Darwin death cult, uneducated ideologues call creationary scientists "liars" and play word games while engaging in selective citing and yes, ignoring information that gets them on the prod.
Based on a survey of Italian dinosaur tracks and fossils, a team of European scientists claims that dinosaurs evolved around 245 million years ago but remained rare until a “dinosaur diversification event” some 13 million years later, about 232 million years ago.

The study’s lead author, Dr. Massimo Bernardi of the University of Bristol, says, “We had been studying the footprints in the Dolomites [rock sequences in northern Italy] for some time, and it’s amazing how clear cut the change from ‘no dinosaurs’ to ‘all dinosaurs’ was.”
To read the entire article, click on "Secular Scientists Admit Dinosaurs Appeared Abruptly".

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Monday, May 28, 2018

See the Sawfish

Have you ever seen those animated cartoons where a sawfish was on the prod and decided to use its rostrum (nose-like thing) to saw through a boat? I reckon most readers know that such a thing cannot happen, even though the rostrum is an efficient tool and even a weapon for it. Those things that look like teeth are actually modified scales, but they also have teeth in their mouths where teeth belong. Notice the resemblance to sharks? They are distant cousins, but more closely related to rays.

the sawfish has no evolutionary history and its features cannot be explained by Darwin's disciples
Green sawfish image credit: Wikimedia Commons / Flavia Brandi (CC BY-SA 2.0)
Of course, evolutionists give these critters millions of Darwin years. Cretaceous and modern sawfish have no appreciable differences, and we are told that they both evolved from the guitarfish. As is so often the case, there is no actual evidence to support the narrative. In fact, the sawfish has amazing features given to it by the Master Designer (such as live birth instead of laying eggs) that Darwin's disciples cannot explain through their belief system.
It is not hard to tell where the sawfish gets its name—the long snout (‘rostrum’) covered with tooth-like ‘denticles’ is one of its most distinctive features. And it is not only for show; it is a dangerous weapon, both to other fish and to fishermen who can be injured by a sawfish as it tries to resist being caught! In the same family as rays, there are approximately five living species of sawfish, all listed as endangered. They have been subject to overfishing, as their rostrums are both in demand as curios and used in traditional medicine. Their fins are also considered a delicacy. In addition, their habitat has been severely reduced (juveniles spend most of their time in shallow water bays and estuaries) and they are often accidentally caught, as their toothy snouts easily snag in fishing nets.

Sawfish can be found in the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian oceans. The dwarf sawfish, Pristis clavata, only reaches about 1.5 m (5 feet) in length. The others are much larger, often reaching 7 m (23 feet).
To read the rest, click on "The weird, wonderfully-designed sawfish".

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Saturday, May 26, 2018

Engineered Internal Clocks

A popular analogy for the intelligent design of everything came from William Paley. His argument from teleology was, in the short form, if you found a watch, you would logically infer that it was built for a purpose by a watchmaker. It makes sense.

biological clocks are built into living organisms by the Master Engineer
Credit: Unsplash / Seth Macey
A clock or a watch is a good indicator of intelligence and purpose, and today, we have a passel of timepieces that are used in combination with other activities.

I forgot my watch the other day (which is also a chronograph, alarm, dual time, and whatnot) and used my cell phone (which does the same things as the watch, plus internet, text messages, and I think you can use it for talking to people as well). Things get really interesting, however, when we look at internal clocks that the Master Engineer has built into organisms all the way down to the cellular level. Looks to me like we have more examples of engineered adaptability. Darwinists generally believe that external forces cause change, but the real agent of adaptability is what was designed internally.
One telltale sign of an IC [irreducibly complex] clock mechanism would be if it contained switches that perform a function. Most of us have seen the mechanical trippers on certain clocks that flip lights on and off. Alarm clocks that turn on a buzzer or radio station are more examples. These days, the clocks in our smartphones can switch on all kinds of applications, and the “internet of things” is beginning to link whatever function one might desire to the passage of time, so that you can even reset your home lights in New York remotely from a Paris cafe. Hourglasses lacked these additional functions. Whenever we see a clock that can switch on another function that is independently useful, we’re getting close to IC. If it can switch on numerous functions, and simultaneously respond to external inputs to keep those functions regulated within tight constraints, then the case for IC becomes very convincing. If Paley’s 1805-era watch was IC, how much more would such a time-based, adapting, switching master regulator be?
 To read the entire article, click on "Paley’s Watch Found".

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Friday, May 25, 2018

Looking through a Galaxy Darkly

Nothing to see up there, folks. 

Astronomers have detected a galaxy that does not have "enough" of the imaginary stuff called dark matter to suit them. Dark matter was proposed as one of several rescuing devices for problems with the Big Bang, and although it supposedly composes most of the universe, none has been detected. Secularists have a habit of believing in things that do not exist and calling their blind faith "science".

Astronomers say that a recently discovered galaxy has "almost no dark matter", but dark matter has never been demonstrated to exist
Credits: NASA, ESA, and P. van Dokkum (Yale University)
(Usage does not imply endorsement of site contents)
The existence of dark matter is inferred by gravitational effects, and by ignoring other possible explanations for what is observed. Also, some tinhorns are unwilling to admit that gravity is not fully understood while still making declarations as if they understood both it and unproven dark matter — and all of physics. Dark matter is a controversial concept. A few creationary scientists believe it may exist, and some secular scientists claim that it does not. This discovery raises questions that are important to the creation-evolution controversy.
A team of astronomers recently concluded that a nearby spheroidal galaxy, designated as NGC1052-DF2, contains very little, if any, dark matter. Since Big Bang scientists use dark matter to explain how galaxies formed, this poses a potential problem for naturalistic views.

The galaxy in question, estimated to be about 65 million light-years away, has roughly the same volume as our own Milky Way galaxy, but it’s much dimmer due to a much smaller number of stars. By estimating the speeds of ten nearby objects, the team concluded that this particular galaxy had 400 times less dark matter than expected. In fact, there might not be any dark matter in this galaxy.
To read the rest, click on "Nearby Galaxy Has Almost No Dark Matter". You may also like this 2012 article, "No Nearby Dark Matter". ADDENDUM: The desperate, blind faith continues in "Dark Matter Hunt Comes Up Empty Again".

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Thursday, May 24, 2018

Modern Science and its Christian Basis

There is a common misconception nowadays that atheism is essential for science, and Christians are somehow automatically eliminated from scientific fields. Darwin's Flying Monkeys© insist that naturalism and atoms-to-atheist evolution are science. Truth is, there are Christians and biblical creationists active in scientific fields.

many of the founders and developers of modern science were Bible believers
Credit: RGBstock / Krzysztof Szkurlatowski
The idea that naturalism is essential for science is based on presuppositions rooted in scientism. This view is self-refuting. For science to operate, conditions need to be reliable and consistent. The biblical creation science worldview consistently furnishes the necessary preconditions of intelligibility, but in atheistic and evolutionary worldviews, science is impossible — they must tacitly admit that their views are flawed, and must stand on our worldview!

"But Cowboy Bob, you creationists are science deniers!"

Not hardly! We deny bad science, and erroneous philosophies that are utilized by secularists. If you study on it, you'll find out that the Bible not only makes science possible, it encourages science. Also, while some folks way back when did some science stuff, but when the sciences were being corralled, the founders and developers very often were Bible believers.
Recently, Professor Mike Klymkowsky of the University of Colorado–Boulder, uploaded a blog titled, ‘Go ahead and “teach the controversy:” it is the best way to defend science.’ In this he laments the unwillingness of some to accept what he claims are “rigorously established scientific conclusions,” one of which, of course, is evolution. This, he believes, is due to the failure to realise that “a foundational principle of science is that the natural world can be explained without calling on supernatural actors”. Also part of the problem, he thinks, is the belief in “the existence of a supernatural entity that cares for people, at least enough to create them”.

Much of the trouble, he argues, has arisen from a failure to teach science properly. However, he says that the solution is only to teach the controversy if “teachers understand the science and its historical context”. Sadly, there can be no doubt that it is Professor Klymkowsky who does not understand these.
To finish reading, click on "Remembering the Christian roots of science". You may also like to see "An Improper Environment for Science".

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Wednesday, May 23, 2018

Evolution Unhelpful in Medical Science

When discussing origins, adherents of universal common ancestor evolution will invariably claim that their belief system is essential to science. They tend to get on the prod when we disagree with the expression, "Nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution", and get even angrier when we show that it is false

Evolution is actually unimportant, and even harmful, to medical science
Credit: Pixabay / Ernesto Eslava
Medical science does not need evolution. When my ophthalmologist checked my eye for a suspected detached retina (it was fine), evolution was not the guiding principle in his diagnosis and treatment. My MD had me get lab work, and she adjusted my hypertension medication, then checked my A1c level (still under control). Evolution had nothing to do with it.

Evolutionary thinking hinders medical science. Take a look at how "vestigial structures" have been written off because of evolution, only to be demonstrated to have importance after all. Then we have the humiliation of "junk" DNA.

"But Cowboy Bob, antibiotic resistance proves evolution, and medicine needs to know it!" That hoary canard of antibiotic resistance and evolution is false


Despite the vacuous proclamations by owlhoots like Bill Nye, C. Richard Dawkins, Neil deGrasse Tyson, and others, evolution is not essential to science. Such a worldview hinders scientific progress. Sure, some folks are decrying that evolution is not taught enough in medical school. Those are sidewinders trying to justify their phony-baloney jobs. In reality, a creationary worldview is important to medical science, despite the protestations of Darwin's disciples.
Despite the wide acceptance of evolutionary beliefs among mainstream scientists, many physicians—whether they accept evolution or not—find evolutionary claims neither relevant nor useful. And the distinction is not due to a deficit of educational attainment: a medical degree is as much a doctoral degree in science as a PhD in the U.S. (and many other countries). Some claim that physicians would be better doctors if they understood evolution better, but many disagree.
Evolution is not emphasized in most medical schools. Medical educators have a great deal to teach to budding physicians in a short time. The least important topic is evolution. 
To read the rest, click on "Evolution—The Least Important Topic in Medicine", by Dr. Elizabeth Mitchell, MD. 

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Tuesday, May 22, 2018

Astrobiology Still not a Science

Last I checked, whenever something ends in -ology, it means the study of something. That is, unless someone has redefined the word. There is quite a bit of redefining going on nowadays. So, if you are going to have a study of something, it stands to reason that there should be something to study. Cosmology is not science, and in a very similar way, that thing called astrobiology is not science, either.

Astrobiology is like cosmology in that neither one is a legitimate science
"Cranky Alien" template furnished by Why?Outreach
There are no alien machines to study, nor are there aliens. I'll allow that scientists examine certain chemicals way out there thataway that may be conducive to life, but there is no biology happening. Just speculation and guesswork based on Big Bang assumptions and evolutionary presuppositions. If you study on it a spell, you'll see that they assume that since life evolved here, it must have evolved out there. See how that is supposed to work? They use the scientific principle of Making Things Up™, and then get paid for...doing nothing, actually.

Secularists deny what is obvious and what has been revealed in God's Word: our universe, and life itself, is the product of the Creator. Worse for their worldview, he did this recently.
Number of worlds beyond Earth where life has been discovered: zero. Number of optimistic articles about life in outer space: hundreds per year.
What happens when you take “bio” out of the fake science called Astrobiology? It becomes a pseudoscience. Since there is no “bio” yet found beyond earth, except in the imaginations of storytellers who believe in evolution, maybe that is a more accurate label. Here are some samples of fact-free, evidence-free stories circulating on science news sites.
To read the samples, click on "Astrobiology Still Has No Biology".

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Monday, May 21, 2018

Melanin Research Supports Creation Model

Fungi serve a purpose in the world by breaking down and essentially recycling dead things, but some types get a bit rambunctious and cause fungus infections. A recent study by researchers who reject standard Darwinian views inadvertently support creation science.

Research in melanin, protein, and Aspergillus fungi thwart Darwinism and inadvertently support creation science.
Aspergillus colonies image credit:
Wikimedia Commons / Adrian J. Hunter (CC BY-SA 3.0) (Usage does not imply endorsement of site contents)
There are several hundred mold species in the Aspergillus genus. Some are useful in the environment, they can help in the fermentation process for alcohol, and others are used in medicinal products. The research under discussion is about the annoyance factor where they cause fungal infections.

A protein identifies fungal melanin, notifies cells and says, "There's a fungus among us", then they all laugh and go keep the interloper under control. This is an example of engineered adaptability. Darwinists generally believe that evolution and adaptation are caused by external influences, but we have been seeing that adaptations and responses are built in to organisms by the Master Engineer.
Fungal infections can be a pain to eradicate. But new results show why these infections can take an even tighter hold on people or animals that are missing a specific protein. The international research team that discovered this protein, and its importance, named it MelLec. This protein helps fight fungal infections by identifying a specific type of melanin that fungi make. Several aspects of this new discovery fit a creation-based model of creature adaptation.
To read the rest, click on "Protein Discovery Confirms Design".

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Saturday, May 19, 2018

The Hard Truth on Mudrock

There are several types of sedimentary rock, one of which is mudrock. From there, we have several kinds of mudrock, including mudstone and shale. If you do your own little geology experiment by putting sand and dirt in a jar with water, then shake it up, you can watch the stuff settle. It's more exciting than watching paint dry because you can see how the larger particles settle first, and the finest particles take much longer.

Research and the Genesis Flood indicate mudstone does not need millions of years to form
Wikimedia Commons / Lvklock (CC BY-SA 3.0)
Mudrock can be mighty thick, such as the Marcellus Shale. Uniformitarian geologists will tell you that it took millions of years to form, and watching that mixture you shook up earlier might cause you to agree. Someone might wonder how biblical creationists can insist that the earth is about 6,000 years old when secular geologists are throwing around deep time expressions left and right. Also, mudrocks comprise most of the geological record.

Research was done (presumably by researchers, hence the name). They found that in fast-moving water, particles of mud would stick together and deposit much more rapidly. As we have seen on this site (as well as many other creationary sites), the Genesis Flood had a lot of water moving very quickly. The research supports the Flood account.
Geoscientists used a special kind of instrument called a racetrack flume at Indiana University in Bloomington. A normal flume looks like a very long, narrow glass aquarium. Researchers dump sediments in one end and release water to surge over those sediments. The geoscientists then watch to see how the water deposits the sediments downflow. Normally a flume is very long and straight, but a racetrack flume goes in a circle. So when the water is released, it flows around and around in a large circle and accelerates as it goes. As a result, the water flows much faster than in a long, straight flume.
To read the entire article or download the MP3 version, click on "Mudrocks in Minutes".

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Friday, May 18, 2018

Evosplaining Diatoms is Bad for Science

Not too long ago, we saw that little things matter. Specifically, a large number of tiny crustaceans like brine shrimp and krill are thought to stir up and help refresh the oceans. Diatoms are very small aquatic algae that can only be seen under a microscope, but our lives depend on them. It was recently discovered that the homes they build for themselves help protect their DNA.

biologists evosplain diatoms and give us non-science
Credit: CSIRO (CC BY 3.0) (Usage does not imply endorsement of site contents)
Even though the paper had eight biologists, all we received was evosplaining. This included assertions, teleology ("evolutionary cause"), and other non-science. These owlhoots lack candor as well as an understanding of their own worldview.

An actual, demonstrable model or rational explanation of how it evolved? Not hardly! Credit to the Master Engineer for his design skills? That'll be the day! What these owlhoots did was actually add further damage to the credibility of the secular science industry.
Some of the most beautiful, elegant, and vital organisms on earth demand a better explanation than ‘stuff happens over and over.’
Your life depends on tiny glass architectures that were not even visible until the invention of the microscope, except in vast numbers in certain geological formations. These creatures are microscopic algae called diatoms. There are 100,000 species of diatoms, says an open-access paper in Nature Scientific Advances, distinguished by the exquisite glass ‘houses’ they build. The eight authors of this paper now have demonstrated that the glass structures called frustules, that fit together like two sides of a pill box, actually protect the cells’ DNA from damage by ultraviolet light.
To finish reading and learning, click on "Diatoms: A Case Study in Darwinian Explanation".

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Thursday, May 17, 2018

At Home in your Eye

When I asked Rusty Swingset (the ramrod at the Darwin Ranch) if he wanted his own home, he told me that he had an eye on a place. It turns out that certain tiny critters have their home on your eye — literally. Researchers were surprised by this development because tears have an antibacterial enzyme, and these bacteria are immune to it.

bacteria on your eyes coordinate with your immune system
Credit: Unsplash / Victor Freitas
We have beneficial bacteria in and on various places, and they coordinate with our immune systems to fight the bad guys. There is also a community of good bacteria living on your eye. (And not just us, but the eyes of animals, it seems.) Researchers wonder how this happened, and determined that here, too, bacteria work with the immune system.

Our Creator made bacteria that are not eliminated by the antibacterial enzyme, and are also beneficial. Such a complex, symbiotic relationship defies evolutionary explanations, but just ask Rusty, he'll find something in the excuse mill.
Researchers have discovered unique microbial communities on and in our skin, mouth, gut, and airways. This collection of viruses, bacteria, and fungi is called the microbiome. The human immune system’s amazing regulation of our microbiome demonstrates a high level of design in which the systems of two independent entities work together in a seamless operation. For example, not only do bacteria in the gut modify the human body’s immune response, but researchers found a gene that functions to maintain the balance of immunological elements regulating specific microbes.
To read the rest of this short but interesting article, click on "The Designed Interface of the Eye's Microbiome".

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Wednesday, May 16, 2018

Filling in the Blanks

Suppose I came home after my work day was done, and I see that a package is on the table. Oh, good! The creation science videos I ordered arrived. But my wife does not get home from her job until later, so how did the package get on the table? The delivery service either leaves things outside the door or leaves an "undeliverable" note. I see that since it's a warm day, her coat is draped over a chair. My conclusion is that she stopped by for something, brought in the package, and left her coat. Later, I find out that's what happened. Some of this is based on previous experience and knowledge of my wife's methods.

Our minds are designed to make sense of our surroundings and circumstances
Credit: Pixabay / Tumisu
We are designed to have our minds fill in the missing puzzle pieces so we can function. This happens from knowledge and experience, and trying to make sense of our surroundings and circumstances. (Of course, we can mislead ourselves with pareidolia, such as seeing a lady on Mars, but that can involve wishful thinking and disregarding science.) Also, forgetting why you went into a room is not necessarily a "senior moment" or lack of paying attention.
God designed our minds to make quick assumptions about what’s going on around us, without consciously studying it. By “filling in” information ahead of time, based on previous experiences and what we expect, our brains don’t have to constantly process every changing detail in our surroundings. This allows us to respond to important changes speedily and accurately.
To read the rest or download the audio version, click on "The Human Brain—Fill in the Blanks".

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Tuesday, May 15, 2018

Razor Clams Teach Digging Methods

Suzie's sister Sarah was selling seashells by the seashore (Suzie lives in Australia), and I saw some odd clams. Well, they were new to me. I asked what kind they were. "Those are razor clam shells", Sarah said shyly. I saw where they get their name, and when they are sticking up out of the sand, stepping on them could be an unpleasant experience.

Razor clams inspired researchers in biomimetics to learn how the clams were able to dig so efficiently
Credit: NOAA / Northwest Fisheries Science Center (usage does not imply endorsement of site contents)
People dig clams (see what I did there?) because they're good eatin'. Just have to watch for algal blooms that affect shellfish so you don't get poisoning from okadaic acid or domoic acid. Don't be ignoring the warning signs, old son.


Anyway, people have to dig clams because clams dig themselves into the wet sand. See how that works? Scientists tried to figure out how they managed to reach certain depths, but were unable to replicate the clam's ability. Further research was in order. The Master Engineer designed the clams, and gave us minds to learn from nature and apply things to our own lives; scientists are using biomimetics to try and duplicate the clam's efficient digging procedure.
Standing firmly upright in the shallows, the sharp shell of the appropriately-named razor clam can be a menace to unwary people wading barefoot or swimming at low tide. But the razor clam has attracted the interest of engineers wondering how it manages to dig itself into the seabed so effectively.

The thing is, engineers thought that it shouldn’t be able to do this. The insertion forces needed to embed jetty pylons and anchoring devices into the sand or mud of the sea floor are huge and costly, because the deeper you go, the harder it gets to penetrate any further.
No, I'm not keeping the rest of this article to myself, I'm not that shellfish. To finish reading, click on "Razor clam — Impossibly good at digging".

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Monday, May 14, 2018

Geological Theories have their Faults

As theories in uniformitarian geology receive more data and scrutiny, many need serious revision or must be abandoned. In some of the instances below, the changes unintentionally  support the Genesis Flood models of creationists, and some thwart climate change models.

Catskill Mountains near Rondout Reservoir
Catskill Mountains near Rondout Reservoir photo by Cowboy Bob Sorensen
Glaciers in what is now the Gobi Desert were determined to have actually shrunk during the Ice Age. Cold air is not the only factor necessary to form glaciers or to have an ice age. In fact, secular geologists are hard pressed to present a plausible model for any ice age, let alone, the several that they assume occurred in Earth's history. The Genesis Flood models provide necessary and sufficient conditions to explain the Ice Age, however.

Geologists assumed that only tsunamis are able to move huge boulders, but eyewitness accounts showed that storms are capable of such action. How about a big storm, like the Genesis Flood? That is the best explanation for the movement of quartzite boulders, and the boulders moved in Ireland in a recent comparatively small storm are an indication.

Traces of extinct lakes are found, but puzzle geologists because lake systems existed in both colder and warmer climates. The Pleistocene was considered a means of working with global climate change, but a recent study is showing that this idea is not so hot.

You can read about these, and one more, in greater detail by clicking on "Geology: A Science Where Theories Undergo Subduction".

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Saturday, May 12, 2018

Artificial Intelligence and Evolving Morality

by Cowboy Bob Sorensen

People have had a fear of machines for a long time, especially since the Industrial Revolution. The term Luddite has been applied to people who loathe technology, but the original protesters were okey-dokey with machinery per se, and instead protested unfair labor practices by destroying certain contraptions. In simpler terms, laborers have had a fear of being replaced by machines for many years.

There is an effort to program artificial intelligence to determine and arbitrate societal standards
Credit: Pixabay / Gerd Altmann
Suspicion of machines naturally extended to robots. While science fiction media often portray robots with humanoid appearances (let's face it, many people don't cotton to dealing with a metal "person"), it depends on the application; robots used for police bomb disposal generally do not look all that human.

Some robots can be considered mobile computers if they are sophisticated enough. The history of science fiction is replete with tales of computers having artificial intelligence, and even becoming self-aware. I disremember when and the title, but I read a story about a space ship that had a computer integrated into all aspects (no, not the HAL 9000 or the ship's computer on various series of Star Trek, it predated those, I think). The computer/spaceship decided that it was God, instantly teleported them to the destination, and declared that the crew could "worShip me". In David Gerrold's When HARLIE was One, the computer became increasing self-aware, and proposed an extension called the Graphic Omnicient Device to "free mankind from making erroneous decisions about anything".

Artificial intelligence is based on the programming a computer receives. This programming comes from humans (so far). The Terminator stories are driven by Skynet, which has modified its own programming to eliminate humanity so it could achieve its purpose.

Computers like HARLIE, HAL, and Skynet are not yet possible, but where would they get their ideas? Should be obvious. Although much of science fiction is for entertainment purposes, authors also write cautionary tales — based on their own worldviews, of course.

Since many people have erroneous faith in atheistic scientism and what "scientists say", we may very well be accepting of AI morality programming based on atheistic materialism and evolutionary foundations. There will be no room for God the Creator and biblical morality in this worldview, and a push for AI to establish the standard for morality has alarming implications. God is the source of true morality, not evolution, and information must come from a mind.

I've had atheists tell me that I (and other biblical creationists) deserve all the ridicule we get. Why? Because atheism. Their "morality" is irrational and arbitrary, and since they detest our worldview, it is morally acceptable in their minds to ridicule and even persecute us. Imagine them programming artificial intelligence to determine societal standards!

Let's keep the advanced programming out of police and military bomb-disposal robots, shall we? The robot could very well be destroyed by a bomb. For that matter, there was a case of a robot used to use a bomb and kill a sniper suspect. In either circumstance, it would be mighty difficult if the robot signaled, "I'm afraid I can't do that". Questions of ethics and morality remain with the operators. For now.

Ironically, those who have a materialistic worldview are attempting to create consciousness. Only God can do that, old son. Even so, the questions raised can make for a passel of thinking and discussion. Who is the ultimate arbiter of right and wrong, what is the standard, according to what worldview? Is this version of morality completely and correctly implemented? What about conflicts in programming and concepts? I lack belief that fallen humans are capable of implementing all the important factors.

This article was inspired by an episode of The Briefing by Dr. Albert Mohler. (An earlier Briefing report inspired a recent article, "Children, Evolution, and Robots".) Now I would like to direct you to two segments. The first one is "Why Artificial Intelligence is incapable of driving us toward a better system of morality", and the second, "Conscious machines, cruelty, and conventional morality: Confronting the ethics of HBO’s ‘Westworld’". I find them rather startling. You can listen online, download the MP3, or read the transcript at the Wednesday, May 2, 2018, episode of The Briefing.

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Friday, May 11, 2018

The Origin of Life is a Faith Question

In a previous installment, we looked at how astronomers working on the first light of the so-called cosmic dawn. They used a number of assumptions as well as observational evidence to plug into their model; cosmology itself is not real science. Likewise, when folks commence to saddling up and riding the trail of the origin of life question, there are many presuppositions that are not actually scientific.

We can apply scientific ideas, but ultimately, the question of OoL is faith-based
Credit: Pixabay / Roy Buri
Just as no human was there to see the origin of the universe and take notes, no human observed the origin of life — both are historical events. We can attempt to put scientific methods to the process, but we want to know the origin of life, the possibilities are very limited. Indeed, abiogenesis has many insurmountable problems.There are only a few possibilities to consider involving the origin of life.. Secularists use materialistic presuppositions that are based on faith and apply evolutionary ideas. Likewise, biblical creationists presuppose the existence of the Creator who told us what went on in his written Word.
The Origin of Life: What Are the Possibilities?
The origin of life has been debated for a long time. Basically, there are four possible explanations for the existence of life on earth:
  1. Life on earth arose spontaneously.
  2. Life on earth has always existed.
  3. Life on earth came about through a supernatural act of creation by an intelligent Being.
  4. Life was seeded from space.
The Application of Science to the Question
Science is supposed to be about things that are observable. That is, science can probe only things that we can detect with our five senses. Science also must be repeatable. This means that when an experiment or observation is repeated, we get the same results. These restrictions on science have led to what we call the scientific method, the general rules that we follow in doing science. The scientific investigation of the origin of life presents us with at least two problems. First, since life began before people were around, we hardly can observe the process. Second, since the origin of life appears to have been a unique event, we hardly can repeat it.
To finish reading, click on "Is the Origin of Life a Scientific Question?

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Thursday, May 10, 2018

Elephant Genome Study Supports Creation Science

While biblical creationists recognize the established (and not so established) categories such as species, genera, family, and so forth, they also study biblical kinds. Secularists get on the prod about this, preferring their own classification system as "right", but the definition of species is in dispute. Part of the problem there is speciation, hybridization, and interbreeding. Also, the biblical kind is a larger classification than species, more closely fitting with the family level.

Elephant genome study further hurts Darwinism, supports creation science
Credit: RGBstock / Sias van Schalkwyk
A very extensive genome study was conducted among living elephants, and since remains of American mastodon were more than happy to provide samples, those were included as well. The results were startling in several ways. For one thing, Darwin's "tree of life" should have been chopped down and composted long ago, and the study results support that notion. Hybridization and breeding between these big critters was found as well, challenging speciation concepts. Meanwhile, biblical creationists who study baraminology (biblical kinds) see that this supports creation science. Elephants are not the only cause for concern among Darwin's faithful, either. Yippie ky yay, secularists!
A new study of elephants, mammoths and mastodons show they were all interfertile or capable of hybridization.

Our present world is impoverished of elephants, or “elephantids” as scientists dub the family. Mammoths and mastodons roamed throughout America and Asia, evidenced by the massive fossil beds, where millions of mammoth bones can be found in permafrost. Some in the frozen tundra from Alaska to Siberia still retain soft tissue, organs and hair. These days, the two remaining species of elephants are primarily restricted to Africa and India.

How different are the extant types of elephants from the extinct types, such as mammoths and mastodons? With genomics, scientists can begin to answer the question.
To read the rest, click on "Elephants and Mammoths Were All One Kind". You can also listen to the song sung by John Elefante of Mastedon. If he sounds familiar, maybe it was from when he was a lead singer for the group Kansas.

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Wednesday, May 9, 2018

Convergent Traits Best Explained by Engineered Adaptability

We have been examining a number of posts on the subject of engineered adaptability, which is a concept for setting up a framework of design. Instead of accepting the erroneous but persistent view of Darwin and his followers that changes are based on external influences, engineered adaptability is about how organisms adapt from the inside. That is, the Master Engineer built the ability to adapt into organisms. Darwin need not apply.

Similarity of traits in organisms is often evosplained with the rescuing device of "convergent evolution"
Vieja cichlid image credit: Unsplash / The Cofish Store
The hands at the Darwin Ranch (take Folly Road up yonder to Deception Pass, but the Winkie Guards are likely to turn you back) are being more unscientific than usual of late. They are appealing to various forms of mysticism en lieu de observational and testable science. One of these is the secular miracle of convergent evolution, which is a rescuing device that has no actual substance.

Many critters have similar traits that evolutionists cannot successfully evosplain, so they appeal to convergence. Meanwhile the Institute for Creation Research is doing what the last word in their name indicates. In this case, they are developing a continuous environmental tracking model that "explain independent, rapid, and repeatable expression of similar traits".
Diverse creatures have repeatedly been observed rapidly and independently converging on the same traits needed to solve similar environmental challenges. How extensive is this phenomenon? Harvard biologist Jonathan Losos said in 2017, “In recent years, scientists have identified convergence in almost any type of trait you might imagine.” Such widespread repeatable—indeed, predictable—expression of similar traits should make researchers question whether this outcome is due to chance.
To read the rest (and learn about the CET model), click on "Engineered Adaptability: Designed Mechanisms Best Explain Convergent Traits".

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