What About Those Differences Between Modern Humans and Neanderthals?

Neanderthals were not stupid cavemen after all. They were fully human. Yet there *are* some differences that evolution fails to explain. The answer may be in epigenetics.
Neanderthals sure have evolved over the years. Proponents of evolution told the world that they were less-evolved than we are, and were therefore unintelligent brutes. As evolution caught up with real science (and substantial assistance from archaeology), it was realized that the differences were rapidly shrinking. They appear to have been good parents, made jewelry and art, buried their dead, made tools, could speak — and were able to breed with other "archaic humans". There is a great deal of evidence that the stupid caveman motif was unjustified.

Advances in technology and DNA further reduced the number of differences between Neanderthals and people living today. DNA studies prove that they were human. There are some differences, but evolution has nothing to do with them — humans were created, not evolved. It appears that the answer to differences can be traced to epigenetics. 
Recent genome reports show that the Neandertals are essentially fully human, causing scientists to reclassify them as "archaic humans." But what about the apparent subtle differences in anatomy that first caused scientists to claim that Neandertals were a completely different species? It turns out that the answer can be found in epigenetics, according to newly published research.

Epigenetics, in the more modern sense, refers to the heritable chemical changes performed by cellular machines to DNA that alter gene function without actually changing the DNA nucleotide code. In the field of genomics, it is more accurately referred to as chromatin modification. Chromatin is the stuff chromosomes are made of which consists of the DNA molecule packaged around proteins called histones. Both the DNA and the histone proteins can be chemically modified to control how genes function and are regulated along the chromosome.
You can read the rest at "Neandertal: The Answer is Epigenetics Not Evolution".